Scientists have found a clue to why one type of DNA is passed down to children by their mothers — but not their fathers. DNA inside energy-producing organelles called mitochondria is destroyed in a dad’s sperm shortly after it fertilizes an egg, researchers report online June 23 inScience. A protein called CPS-6 cuts apart the mitochondrial DNA in the male sperm so that the … [Read more...] about Scientists find clue to why mitochondrial DNA comes only from mom
Although most DNA is packaged in chromosomes within the nucleus, mitochondria also have a small amount of their own DNA. This genetic material is known as mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA. Mitochondria are structures within cells that convert the energy from food into a form that cells can use. Each cell contains hundreds to thousands of mitochondria, which are located in the … [Read more...] about What is Mitochondrial DNA?